The "Eastman Dry Plate Company" was founded in 1881 by George Eastman in Rochester in the United States. It was in 1888 that he invented the word "Kodak" trademark as a result of the production of the first cameras. The company becomes Eastman Kodak Company. Besides the development and production of sensitive surfaces (plates and films) and chemicals firm at the Kodak allowed the widespread diffusion of amateur photography by producing an impressive number of inexpensive cameras and simple to use and therefore accessible to all: box, foldings plates and film, Instamatic and other simple boxes. Some cameras, however, stand out such as Kodak Ektra 2 or the mass of Retina. All these cameras are not produced in the USA, given the distribution of Kodak factories in the world and particularly in Europe.